ඔබේ දිවියට ජ්‍යෝතිෂය…..

Sri Lanka Government Ayurveda Panchakarma Hospital

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You should know about “papaya”

papaya leavesPapaya grows as small, bushy trees 4 to 8 m in average height with a hollow trunk, large palmate leaves and oblong smooth-skinned fruits (melons). The melons are usually picked in a mature green state and allowed to ripen. When ripe, the flesh is sweet and juicy and similar in taste to other melons. Papaya extract is derived from the popular fruit called papaya, pawpaw or melon tree. The scientific name is Carica papaya. Papaya is a native plant of the Caribbean, Mexico and Australia. Papaya, a tropical plant believed to have originated in southern mexico and central America, is now cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions worldwide. Papaya is cultivated for its edible ripe fruit; its juice is popular beverage, and its young leaves, shoots, and fruits are cooked as a vegetable. But do not eat papaya seeds. The ‘carpain’ they contain can lower your pulse rate and depress your nervous system. The fruits are a source of flavoring used in candies, jellies, preserves, and ice cream. The papaya fruit has a variety of uses. It is delicious eaten as a morning fruit or used as a dessert food and can be made into a healthy and refreshing drink.

Nutritional Content

Papaya extract is chock full of dietary fiber, vitamins B1, B2 and B3 as well as vitamins A, K and C. Papaya extract also contains minerals such as calcium, iron and magnesium, phosphorus and zinc. It is also fat free, cholesterol free and has low sodium content. It contains the carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin, which are both beneficial for age-related eye diseases such as macular degeneration.

The papaya fruit and papaya extract have a variety of uses and benefits.


  •  Papaya has been used widely in folk medicine for many ailments: the juice for warts, corns, cancers, tumors, and induration of the skin
  • The root or their extracts for tumors of the uterus, syphilis, yaws, hemorrhoids, and to remove urine concretions
  • The unripe fruit as amild laxative or diuretic, and to stimulate lactation, labor, or abortionThe ripe fruit for rheumatism and alkalinizing the urine
  • The seeds as an anthelmintic or to stimulate menstruation or abortion
  • The leaves as a poultice on nervous pains and elephantoid growths, or smoked for asthma relief;
  • Latex for psoriasis, ringworm, dyspepsia, or applied externally as an antiseptic or to heal burns or scalds, or smeared on the cervix as an ecbolic
  • The tropical plant database lists the following as documented properties and action of C. papaya: analgesic, amebicide, anticeptic, antibiotic, antibacterial, cardiotonic, cholagogue, digestive, emmenagogue, and febrifuge, hypotensive, laxative, stomachic and vermifuge.

What is the Papain?

Shallow cuts on the surface of fully grown but unripe fruits cause the exudation of a milky sap or latex that is collected and dried and termed crude papain. Papain, a proteolitic enzyme, has a wealth of industrial uses: it has milk-clotting (rennet) and protein-digesting properties. Which is digests the pre-cipitable protein fragments, and causes the beer to remain clear upon cooling. Papain is most commonly used commercially in meat tenderizers and chewing gums. Cosmetically papain is used in some dentifrices, shampoos, and facial creams.       

Papain effects on Digestion

papaya fruit“Papaya extract has papain and chyomopapain; these two enzymes help with the digestive system by breaking down the proteins and supporting production of digestive enzymes.” Individuals over 50 years old produce fewer digestive enzymes in their stomachs and intestines, resulting in poor protein digestion. Papain is helpful in preventing this digestive problem. Papain also helps alleviate nausea, flatulence, diarrhea and constipation.

One of the more common uses for papaya extract is to calm stomach problems such as indigestion and heartburn. Papaya contains proteolytic enzymes, including papain, that help your body break down proteins into amino acids, which can aid your digestion,

  •  How does papain work?

The papaya-enzyme papain is able to break down larger proteins in to smaller proteins or peptides or even in to the smallest amino-acid subunit by cleaving the bonds in the interior of the protein chain or the end of the chain (endopeptidase and exopeptidase activity, respectively) in a broad pH range.

This gives it a marked ability to enhance the total digestive process and increase the nutrient absorption of protein-based foods. Its ability to hydrolase(Break down) proteins also means that it can play a key role in many normal physiological processes and potentially influence disease processes for the good.

Health Benefits of papain

Health Benefits of papainSome of the health benefits of papaya extract include the anti-inflammatory effect of papain in treating the inflammation of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Its fiber content helps with bowel elimination and the binding and removal of cancer causing toxins from the bowel.

Gout and papaya

Gout is a medical condition related to arthritis, and is caused by too much uric acid in the blood. This excess acid forms into crystals, causing redness, swelling and pain in the joints. Avoiding red meat, shellfish, alcohol and other foods high in purine can lessen gout symptoms. One natural gout cure is to eat fresh papaya. Papaya contains papain, which is a natural anti-inflammatory. Over-the-counter papaya gout remedies are also available, but fresh papaya is not only more potent, but also versatile and sweet.

Papain and Skin disorders

The enzyme papain not only helps internal functions, placement on the skin overnight has also been known to help some skin disorders. The same protein-dissolving enzymes that soothe indigestion can also dissolve unwanted skin growths, such as corns and warts. Apply the fruit, or just the juice, to the affected area four times daily. When a papaya is cut in half, the small, black seeds, which look like caviar, are surrounded by dense, juicy fruit. These seeds are similar in taste to mustard seeds, and are usually tossed out with the skin of the fruit, which is a yellowish color when ripe. But there is a use for the spicy seeds. Peruvian Choco Indians have been known to eat a dozen of the seeds to rid their bodies of parasites and worms.

Protects From Cancer

The enzymes found in papaya extract may protect your body from some types of cancers and may be a natural element to use in conjunction with conventional cancer treatments, Papaya extract increases immunity by digesting proteins, which in turn can act as a shield against some types of cancers and viruses.

While scientists and mainstream medical professionals call upon the abilities of mainstream medical science to cut down cancer rates, research shows that the war against cancer is a complete failure. Cancer rates are rising, while 10′s of millions of dollars continue to be funneled into the ‘treatment’ of cancer. This is why anyone recognizing this sad truth turns to powerful and natural solutions and makes a significant change in lifestyle. The good news is that the fight against cancer starts with the consumption of some natural foods and food supplements such as turmeric, ginger, or papaya leaf extract.

“Papaya Leaf Extract is a Powerful Cancer Fighter

A study conducted by University of Florida researchers Dr. Nam Dang and colleagues in Japan has documented papaya’s powerful anticancer properties and impact against numerous lab-grown tumors – and without the negative consequences of chemotherapy. The researchers used papaya leaf extract for the study conduction, with the anticancer effects being even stronger with a larger dose of the extract. In addition, the research showed for the first time that papaya leaf extract boosts production of Th1-type cytokins, which are key signaling molecules and very important in the regulation of the immune system.”

Tip: tomatoes and carrots their orange-red colors, have a lower-than-normal risk of developing cancer.

Reduces Post-Surgical Inflammation

The active ingredient papain found in papaya extract may play a role in reducing inflammation that has occurred in response to an injury or surgery, the proteolytic enzymes in papaya fruit and leaves can both protect the body from inflammation as well as heal cases of swelling and burn wounds.

Benefits of papaya Extract

Advanced biochemical technology is used to distill the desirable papain enzyme from the papaya fruit to create a powdered extract that can be used in a wide variety of applications, from beer clarifiers to skin care products and spot removers. Papaya extract is also used in the feed, leather and textile industries.

Does papaya really treats the dengue???

 Does papaya really treats the dengueActually it has some confusion about this. Some parts are saying the Researchers’ yet not have found any of ingredients of papaya leaves that can treat dengue or increases platelet directly. Although some believes that it has also anti-coagulant activity. So it can be fetal, if we consider its use in dengue due to anticoagulat action. It has been also found that it has anti-malarial activities and consider as herbal treatment of Malaria in some Asians Countries.

But opposite news comes from Malaysia. A recent study which held by AIMST University and Universiti Sains Malaysia, conducted by a group of researchers from Malaysian and foreign universities, indicated that the powder from papaya leaves has substances responsible for the release and/or production of thrombocytes (platelets). The study was initiated and led by Dr S. Kathiresan of AIMST University. Dr Kathiresan said the leaves of papaya fruit were high in complex vitamins that might help bone marrow to rapidly increase blood platelet production.

Further his comments, Dengue fever continues to be a major health threat to Malaysia after its first reported outbreak in 1902. The dengue virus’ main effect is on platelet production. Nor­mally, a platelet in our body lasts for about five to 10 days and the body replenishes them when required. This virus destroys the body’s capacity to produce new platelets (during the period the virus is effective). The platelet count for a normal person varies from 150,000 to 250,000 per micro litre of blood. On becoming infected, a patient’s platelet count starts falling. A platelet count below 100,000 per microlitre is alarming – immediate medical attention is required. A platelet count below 50,000 can be fatal. A fall in the platelet count prevents formation of clots and this leads to haemorrhaging, which results in both internal and external bleeding.Once such bleeding starts, the situation is almost irreversible.

According to Dr Kathiresan, that interest in the papaya began with a simple experiment with papaya leaves which were ground and administered to mice. The platelet counts before, and 72 hours after dosing, revealed they were significantly higher. The six-month study, titled Thrombocyte counts in mice after the administration of papaya leaf suspension, published in October 2009, was funded by AIMST University and Universiti Sains Malaysia.

But however most of South Asians have self confidence with papaya leave extract. With or without medical advises most of south Asians are gives papaya leave extract as a medicine to their closer relatives who suffering from dengue. Fortunately up to now it has been given positive results. So what else?  Scientist and medical researchers have a great responsibility to further research deeply and broadly find out the exactly right thing. Who does not believe the papaya leave extract, they can wait till that moment.

At last…..

papaya juiceNew era is begun. No need to keep artificial tablets and capsules any more. Be a healthy human being eat and drink natural things like papaya and other fruits and vegetables. Most of essential substance, minerals and vitamins can take from natural source. Keep away from the artificial. Make a close relation with environments.  Then mother of nature definitely care of you.