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Sri Lanka Government Ayurveda Panchakarma Hospital

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Ayurvedic Nadi Pariksha (Pulse Examination)

 The importance of Nadi, that the pulse like a lamp enlighten the various conditions of Tridosha singly or in combination in a person who may be an infant or an adult or an old; a deaf or a dump, conscious or unconscious.

 Nadi or Pulse examination has been given the first preference among the “Astha Sthanas”. Nadi can predict the stages of diseases in its incubation period. Therefore we can prevent neurological disorders & maintain the health as there is no possibility of regeneration of degenerated brain tissues & whatever lesion occurred in it. Patients have to walk C it throughout the life. Also nadi gives information about Rupa, pathogenesis of disease, prognosis, Ayu(life expectancy) of the patient, arishta lakshana(critical signs)& about death. 

Nervous system has given so much importance in yogashastra where there are the nadis like sushumna, eda, pingala, and the nadimandals. The shatchakras which enlightened to awakened the kundalini shakthi(power) to get moksha. Here we are concerning only with the structural functional disturbances of nervous system which mainly related with,

Thridosha
                        Vatadosha    – Prana vayu, Udana vayu,  Vyana vayu
                        Pittadosha    – Sadhaka & Bhrajaka pitta, Alochaka pitta
                        Kaphadosha- Tarpaka & shleshaka kapha
 Dhatu   – Majja Dhatu(Bone marrow)
                 Mansa Dhatu (Muscles & other parts)
                 Asthi Dhatu(Bone)
     Ojas
     Tejas
    Mana(Mind)          panchendriya & Pancha karmendriya

Nervous system is mostly related to with each & every cell of the body which is panchabhutik & transforming the panchathanmathra (seen, hear, smell, taste and palpate) from outside the body to inside the body and inside the body itself. Before understand the vikurti(mutation) we must know the prakurti(general) feeling of pulse. The pulse of the swastha’s(well being) is described as regular steady neither fast nor slow, well felt at the normal expected site & its movement resembles that of an earth worm serpent or a swan.

General characteristics of individual Tridosha pulses

·       Vataja nadi (Pulse): Brownish Bluish & feels neither hot nor cold. It is best felt    under the index finger. It is light empty, tortuous & thin, having vakra gati (circle moving) i.e likes that of deer, fish, leechy, serpant or tortoise.  
·  Pittaja  nadi (Pulse): yellowish redish, hot, straight, medium fast feels under middle finger. The movement resembles that of peacock, pigeon, swan, crow, sparrow or frog.
·      Kaphaja nadi (Pulse): whitish, cold, full, clear, slow & feel under ring finger. It resembles that of elephant, buffalo, sparrow, cock, pigeon, horse, swan or peacock

The combination of vata-pitta, vata-kapha and pitta-kapha doshas nadi(pulse) patterns are generally similar to follows.

       ·    vata-pitta     : tortuous, tremulous, hard, with a good uplift. Its movement resembles at time that of a serpant & at other times that of a frog.

·    vata-kapha  : bulky, tremetous, tortuous, slow & cold.its movement resembles at time that of a swan and at other time that of a frog or serpant.
·      pitta-kapha: thin, cold &steady. It resembles that of apeacock & at another time that of a frog or a swan.

At the stage of all three doshas combination form( sannipatic) should showing  pulse pattern and characteristics as follows. That is very fast and has all the features belong to thridoshas. Vata holds the sensory & motor functions of the body. Its mean vata leads to neurological disorders in the body. To understand the pathogenesis the knowledge of the subtypes of each dosha is very important. The subtypes of each dosha are significant as indicators of qualitative changes as opposed to quantitative changes as seen in vikurti.     

  Cont……